South Australia, a state with multinational culture, is celebrated for its food, wine, and festivals. Blessed with a Mediterranean coastal climate, great beaches and awesome stretch of Outback, South Australia is considered the most urbanized state in the world with vast majority of its population living in the capital city, Adelaide.
Home to the Aborigines for over 10,000 years, the Europeans only settled in this region in 1836 when Governor John Hindmarsh proclaimed the area a British colony. William Light, the Surveyor General, chose the site of the city of Adelaide. Based on a theory of free colonization funded solely by land sales, this settlement never received convicts. Graceful Adelaide was carefully planned by Colonel Light where its ordered grid pattern, centered on pretty squares and gardens, is surrounded by parkland. South Australia has always had a tradition of liberality. Many of the early settlers were non-conformists from Great Britain seeking a more open society. Other migrants included Lutherans escaping persecution in Germany. They settled in Hahndorf and the Barossa Valley where they established a wine industry.
This region is also the most fertile in the state with high rainfall as well as irrigation by the Murray River. The coastline includes the Fleurieu Peninsula and the beautiful Coorong National Park. Offshore, Kangaroo Island has breathtaking scenery and an abundance of wildlife.
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