of a thousand temples- charming, beautiful, captivating and alluring.
Images of lush, green paddy fields, ancient temples, exotic beauties performing
traditional dances, friendly people, peaceful beaches and intricate carvings
arise when one thinks of Bali. It is this combination that makes Bali
so special and memorable.
It is certain
that Bali has been inhabited since early prehistoric times. Fossilized
human remains have been discovered from neighboring Java, which are dated
to be as old as 250,000 years. Stone tools and earthenware vessels, which
were estimated to be 3000 years old, were unearthed near Cekik (west Bali).
Other artifacts also show that the Bronze Age began in Bali before 300
BC. Hinduism spread its influence around 400 AD followed by Buddhism in
West Java then underwent several episodes of conquering that includes
conquering each other until the Dutch arrived and established themselves
partially in Bali in 1850. Dutch troops landed in Sanur Beach in 1900
and Bali was then completely occupied by them. Many prominent families
committed suicide due to this defeat.
Japanese occupation in the Second World War from 1939 to 1945, Bali became
an Indonesian province but was able to maintain its own unique culture.