the Communist Party of China and the government of the People’s Republic
of China are two separate entities. However, the Communist Party is currently
active in all government bodies and institutions. The government structure
can be viewed as a pyramid whereby the higher a position, the more power
an authority is accorded. For example, current president Jiang Zemin holds
the position of both Communist Party Secretary and chairman of the Central
Military Commission, which is a very influential position.
This is the highest legislative body for the country. It consists of eight
committees: Law, Nationalities, Internal Affairs and Justice, Education,
Science, Culture and Health, Foreign Affairs, Overseas Chinese, Environment
Protection, and Finance and Economy.
The State Council is the executive body of the Chinese government and
is responsible for formulating rules, making policy decisions, and coordinating
the work of various state bureaus.
The Central Military Commission is the highest policy-making body in the
People’s Liberation Army and the country’s top military command authority.
The Supreme People’s Court is the highest judicial body in China. This
body is responsible for advising provincial and municipal courts, and
handles cases that extend beyond a single province or members of state
bodies. Headed by a president, it reports to the National People’s Congress.
The highest legal supervisory body, it oversees the activities of other
state bureaus and officials, acting like the government’s police department.
State Level Corporations are national corporations run by the central
government. While these corporations were established as commercial enterprises,
they also maintain an administrative role in supervising their particular
and Vice President
The president, in accordance with decisions taken by the National People’s
Congress, appoints and removes the premier, the vice premiers, state councilors,
ministers, and other high ranking officials. The vice president assists
in the presidential work. If the office of the president falls vacant,
the vice president will then succeed to the position of president.