by its name, the Republic of the Philippines practices the system of a
democratic republican state and a presidential form of government. The
government of this island nation is headed by a president that is elected
by the voters for a six-year term. At present, Joseph Estrada has been
chosen by the Filipinos as the President of the country.
of the Philippines is divided into 16 regions, 77 provinces, 67 officially
chartered cities, 1,540 municipalities, and 41,935 barangays. Every province
consists of a provincial capital and several municipalities. Municipalities
are sub-divided into village communities (barangays), which is the smallest
socio-political unit headed by an elected 'barangay captain'. In this
country, the legal system is based on Spanish and Anglo-American law.