Bangkok is one of Asiaís most cosmopolitan cities. Created as the Thai capital in 1782 by the first monarch of the present Chakri Dynasty, Bangkok is a national treasure house and Thailandís spiritual, cultural, political, commercial, educational and diplomatic centre. Bangkok is considered to be one of the world's tourist hotspots. The city boasts some of the country's most visited historical venues such as the Grand Palace, Wat Pho, and Wat Arun. There are numerous projects to maintain Bangkok's historic sites in the Rattanakosin area and river districts.